Last updated on June 23rd, 2023 at 04:38 pm
100 Fruit Name List, Fruit Names with Pictures PDF
In this lesson, you will learn fruit vocabulary words with their pictures and PDF. It is very important to learn fruit names as we are eating them in our daily life. We use our native language name of the fruit. But to speak English we have to use the English Language names of the fruits. In this lesson, we are going to study 100 common fruits and their images, so next time whenever you see or eat fruit you should be using the English name.
After learning vocabulary you can speak English fluently and fruits vocabulary is a very essential part of the English vocabulary.
Related: Vegetable Names List
Below is the list of 100 Vocabulary Names of the fruits:
- Crab apples
- Honeycrisp Apples
- Passion Fruit
- Queen Anne Cherry
- Vanilla Bean
- Velvet Pink Banana
- Quararibea cordata
- Indian Fig
- Bing Cherry
- Navel Orange
- Uniq Fruit
- Indian Prune
- Java Apple
- Zinfandel Grapes
- Star Fruit
- Prickly Pear
- Finger Lime
- Sugar Baby Watermelon
- Damson plum
- Ugli Fruit
- Nashi Pear
- Rose Hips
- Oval Kumquat
- Paw Paw
- White Mulberry
- Tart Cherries
- Dinosaur Eggs
- Kaffir Lime
- Indonesian Lime
- Honeydew melon
- Ogeechee Limes
Fruits Names with Definition/Fruit Names with Pictures
Papaya is a juicy fruit that has yellow or orange flesh, depending on the variety. It is native to tropical America and is now grown around the world, wherever there are good growing conditions.
Apricot trees are native to Asia but people have grown them in Europe and the Middle East for centuries. There are lots of different types of apricot which you can use in cooking or decorate desserts with (although some people don’t like the stones).
Jambolan is a round black fruit, shaped a bit like a small apple. It has a thin skin and is usually eaten raw, but can also be used in cooking. It is often dried for storage or made into a tasty jam.
The grapefruit was discovered in the Caribbean and its exact origins are unknown, but it is thought to have a number of different forefathers from several countries in South-East Asia and Australasia. A likely ancestor is the pomelo, which is still grown in South-East Asia.
The lemon originated in India or Pakistan and spread to the Mediterranean countries by about 500 BC. It’s now grown all over the world. Lemons are usually picked before they ripen fully so they can be transported miles without spoiling.
The Mandarin is a small orange-coloured fruit with a thin skin and loose, easily separated segments of flesh. Mandarins get their name from the role they play in imperial Chinese government: ‘mandarin’ actually means bureaucrat.
Mangos come from South and Central America and spread to the rest of the world soon after Columbus travelled across the Atlantic. Mangos are grown in most countries that have warm climates but they are difficult to transport because they’re soft and can’t be refrigerated easily.
Dewberries are a type of blackberry and they’re often picked from wild bushes. The name ‘dewberry’ comes from the Old English word ‘dwebb’ meaning twin because each berry has two seeds joined together.
Grapes are native to Europe and Asia but they’ve been grown in Southern Europe, America, Australia and South Africa too. There are lots of different types of grapes which you can use in cooking or decorate desserts with.
Passion fruit gets its name from the passion that Christians believe was Jesus Christ’s, as the flower has ten petals, which are said to represent the apostles and its centre is thought to symbolise Christ’s crown of thorns.
The banana is actually a berry and it has many seeds inside, as well as being really high in sugar. They grow on big plants that can be up to 20ft tall. Bananas are one of the world’s most popular fruits and they’re grown in many warm countries.
Watermelons come from North Africa, India or the Middle East and were introduced into Italy by the Moors around 1000 AD. From Italy watermelons spread to other parts of Europe and eventually to America. Lemons originated in India or Pakistan and spread to the Mediterranean countries by about 500BC. It’s now grown all over the world. Lemons are usually picked before they ripen fully so they can be transported miles without spoiling.
The apple is native to Asia and Europe. Apples are really famous in cooking because they taste so good when you cook them with spicy stuff! Apple pies contain lots of apples and people also like using apple juice in drinks.
Peaches were named after their similarity in taste to the nectarine, which they are closely related to. They are heart-shaped and have furrowed skin. Historians think peaches probably originated in China over 4,000 years ago.
Most crab apple trees are smaller than ordinary apple trees and their fruit is small, too. Crab apples are used in cooking, making jelly or cider. There are many different sizes of crab apples but the largest ones are about the size of a golf ball.
Guavas are really popular in South America, Central America, Mexico and the Caribbean. They have orange flesh inside with lots of tiny seeds which people usually spit out! People use guavas to make jams, jellies or drinks.
Honeycrisp apples look a bit like ordinary red apples, but they’re shaped more like pears and have a dimpled skin. They were first produced in the 1960s at the University of Minnesota and they’ve now been popular around the world for about 20 years.
Strawberries were first introduced to the US from their native Mexico about 200 years ago. They were named after the straw that you used to use to pick them up because they have lots of tiny seeds on the outside, as well as a large seed in the middle which is called a ‘stone’.
Pomegranates have been cultivated for thousands of years. In early times they were grown as a source of food and also as a symbol of rebirth because the big seeds look like babies inside their mothers’ wombs.
Plums are vegetables but people treat them as fruit. There are lots of different types of plum, the most common one is the ‘Victoria’ plum which comes from Europe.
Star fruit is a type of fruit that’s native to India, China and Malaysia. There are lots of different types which taste quite different from each other! People often use star fruit in salads or on desserts because it looks so pretty when you cut it into stars.
People have eaten mulberries since ancient times, although there are now lots of different varieties that come in different sizes, colours and tastes. Mulberries come from Asia and the US and they grow on trees that can be as tall as 20ft.
The raspberry is actually a type of bramble. People have grown raspberries for hundreds of years because they’re really easy to pick and eat, as well as being really tasty. There are lots of different types of raspberry including red, black, yellow and white raspberries.
The elderberry is a type of flowering plant that grows in temperate regions all over the world. People have eaten its flowers and berries for thousands of years and they were used as a cure for many different illnesses. Elderberries are very high in vitamin C and they make lots of delicious desserts, such as elderberry pie.
There are lots of different types of blueberry but the most common ones come from North America and Europe. They’re usually found growing wild in rocky places and are usually bigger than other types of berry. Blueberries are great for both cooking and for eating raw.
Blackberries grow on thorny shrubs that are native to Europe, America, North Africa and Western Asia. They’re really easy to pick because the thorns stick out in different directions, which means you can just pull them off a branch without hurting yourself.
Pineapples are native to Central and South America, where they have been cultivated for the last 7,000 years. In pre-Columbian times, Native Americans used the tough leaves as cloth and fruit as food. Christopher Columbus saw pineapples for the first time when he landed in the Caribbean and wrote about them in a letter to King Ferdinand of Spain.
The satsuma was discovered by chance in Japan over 300 years ago. A Japanese monk was documenting which trees had been planted on his temple’s land when he noticed that one sapling had a sweet, orange fruit. He planted the seed from this fruit and it grew into a new type of orange with a slightly different shape.
The nectarine is very similar to an ordinary peach but it comes from a different type of tree. It’s a cross between a regular peach and another type of tree that produces peaches with very hard stones inside. This means you can’t eat nectarines straight from the tree as you would a peach because they’re usually too hard.
Yangmei are literally ‘golden berries’ in Chinese. They grow on bushes or trees and they’re native to China, Japan, Korea and Vietnam. People used to think that yangmei cures lots of illnesses because the shape is similar to a ginseng root which is also very good for you.
Tamarind is a type of fruit that comes from Africa. It’s very popular in Indian cooking because it has the sour taste that lots of Indian dishes need to make them taste nice. Tamarind is also great for making drinks, such as lemonade.
Huckleberries are related to blueberries and they grow on bushes that are native to North America. They’re related to raspberries and blackberries and they taste really nice raw or cooked into pies, muffins, pancakes and other desserts.
Pears are related to apples which means they can be used in many of the same types of recipes. Apples originate from Asia but pears come from Europe. There are lots of different types!
Avocados are native to Central and South America and they’ve been cultivated there for around 8,000 years. The Aztecs called avocados ‘ahuacatl’ which means ‘testicle’, because that’s what they look like!
Orange blossom is not a type of orange fruit, but the flower that grows on an orange tree. People often use the flower in cooking because it smells incredible and it has a very strong taste. The French make delicious desserts called ‘Oranges Flambées’ by setting fire to orange blossoms to burn off the alcohol and add flavour.
A jackfruit is a huge, spiky fruit that’s native to South and Southeast Asia. They can grow up to 50cm in length and 15cm across and they’re usually green or brown when you pick them! Jackfruit is really popular in cooking because it looks like meat when it’s cooked and it tastes like really strong, salty cheese.
Peaches are native to China where they’ve been cultivated for over 4,000 years. In ancient times peaches were even more valuable than money because people thought they had magical powers. One of the most famous legends is that a god fell in love with a beautiful Chinese princess and turned himself into a peach so he could give it to her as a present.
There are lots of different types of cherries but they’re all native to Europe, Northern Africa and Asia. They grow on shrubs or trees and they’re really popular now as boozy desserts. Cherries are also used to make jams, jellies and all kinds of other foods that are sweet or sour.
Melons come from a very large family of fruits and they’re thought to have been cultivated in Africa for over 4,000 years. People grow different types of melon depending on where they live. In Japan there are lots of different types of melon which people use in salads or as sushi fillings, but you don’t really see them much in Western countries.
There are lots of fruits that come from the pomegranate family but the most important one is the pomegranate fruit itself! People often use pomegranates to decorate food because it looks so beautiful and people also like using its syrup for making drinks. In ancient times pomegranate seeds were thought to have aphrodisiac qualities, which is why you often see naked ladies carved into the fruit’s skin!
Eggfruit is a type of fruit that comes from tropical areas. People grow eggfruit in India and South America and the most famous one is called ‘durian’. Durians have been known to smell awful when they’re ripe, so much that it has been banned on public transport in Singapore!
Pawpaws are native to America but you can also find them growing in Asia and North Africa. People usually eat pawpaws raw or make jams, jellies or ice cream out of them. The name ‘pawpaw’ comes from the Native American word for ‘sweet’.
The Indian fig is a kind of fruit that you can eat when it’s fresh or dried. It originates from South Asia, China and Australia which are all countries with very hot climates. They’re really high in vitamin C which is why they’re often used to make jams!
Kiwis are native to China, but they’ve been grown in New Zealand for over 100 years. Kiwis are really popular now with people all over the world because they’re so healthy! They have lots of vitamins and minerals which is why they can be used in cooking.
The coconut palm tree produces the world’s most important fruit crop. It’s native to Asia but you can find it growing almost anywhere! Coconuts are famous for their juice inside which is often used to make cocktails or just drunk on its own. People also like using coconut oil for making beauty products, cooking and even biofuel!
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