570 Academic Words in English (Download Pdf)

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Have you ever found yourself struggling to express your thoughts clearly in academic writing? Do you often feel like you’re using the same words over and over again, making your essays or research papers seem monotonous and uninspired? If so, you’re not alone. Many students and scholars face this challenge when trying to convey complex ideas and arguments in English.

The good news is that there’s a solution to this common problem – a carefully curated list of 570 academic words that can elevate your writing to the next level.

What are Academic Words?

Academic words are vocabulary terms commonly used in educational and scholarly contexts. They encompass words and phrases essential for effective communication in academic writing, research, lectures, and discussions. These words are characterized by their specificity, precision, and relevance to academic subjects, facilitating the clear expression of complex ideas.

570 Academic Words in English

Below is the list of 570 academic words list in English. A pdf is available at the end of this page.

  1. Admonish: To warn or reprimand firmly.
  2. Eloquent: Fluent and persuasive in speech or writing.
  3. Auspicious: Indicative of a positive or favorable outcome.
  4. Authenticity: The quality of being genuine, real, or true.
  5. Evocative: Tending to evoke or stir up emotions, memories, or feelings.
  6. Stratagem: A plan, scheme, or trick used to achieve a specific purpose or goal.
  7. Proponent: A supporter or advocate of a particular idea or cause.
  8. Correlation: A mutual relationship or connection between two or more things.
  9. Expedite: To make a process or action happen more quickly or efficiently.
  10. Ascribe: To attribute or assign a cause or quality to something.
  11. Paltry: Insignificant or of little value.
  12. Penchant: A strong liking or preference.
  13. Perfidious: Treacherous or deceitful, betraying trust.
  14. Precipitate: To cause or bring about suddenly.
  15. Reiterate: To repeat or emphasize again.
  16. Ethnography: The systematic study of cultures and societies.
  17. Metaphorically: In a figurative or symbolic sense.
  18. Reconcile: To resolve differences or make compatible.
  19. Euphemism: A mild or indirect expression.
  20. Axiom: A self-evident and universally accepted truth or principle.
  21. Divergent: Moving apart or differing from a common point.
  22. Abstraction: A concept or idea separate from specific instances.
  23. Belie: To contradict or give a false impression of.
  24. Zealotry: Extreme and fanatical devotion to a cause or belief.
  25. Ponderous: Slow and cumbersome; dull or laborious in nature.
  26. Perspicacious: Having keen insight or perceptiveness.
  27. Amalgamate: To merge or blend into a unified whole.
  28. Castigate: To criticize or reprimand severely.
  29. Debilitate: To weaken or make feeble, often referring to physical or mental strength.
  30. Serendipity: The occurrence of fortunate and unexpected events by chance.
  31. Reclusive: Living a solitary and withdrawn life.
  32. Validity: The quality of being logically sound and well-grounded; the state of being valid.
  33. Sarcasm: The use of irony to mock or convey contempt.
  34. Mitigate: To make less severe or alleviate.
  35. Redundant: Excessively repetitive or unnecessary.
  36. Phenomenological: Relating to the study of individual experiences and perceptions.
  37. Instigate: To provoke or incite actions or behavior.
  38. Postulate: To assume or propose as a basis for further discussion or reasoning.
  39. Cryptic: Mysterious or difficult to understand.
  40. Reciprocity: Mutual exchange or cooperation.
  41. Predominantly: Mainly or primarily.
  42. Incidence: The occurrence or frequency of an event.
  43. Vitriolic: Bitterly critical or caustic in language.
  44. Evoke: To bring forth or summon emotions or memories.
  45. Examine: To inspect or investigate closely.
  46. Implausible: Unlikely or difficult to believe.
  47. Imperturbable: Unable to be upset or agitated.
  48. Aberration: A departure from what is normal or expected.
  49. Integration: The act of combining or merging.
  50. Pinnacle: The highest point or peak of achievement.
  51. Resplendent: Shining brilliantly; splendid.
  52. Inductive: Based on specific observations or examples to draw general conclusions.
  53. Enhance: To improve or make better in quality or value.
  54. Epistemology: The study of knowledge and its acquisition.
  55. Explicitly: Clearly and precisely stated.
  56. Repudiate: To reject or disown something or someone.
  57. Circumvent: To find a way around or avoid.
  58. Hypothetically: Based on a supposition or assumption.
  59. Modulate: To adjust or vary the intensity or tone.
  60. Bombastic: Pompous and grandiose in speech or writing.
  61. Specious: Deceptively attractive but false.
  62. Deduction: The process of reaching a conclusion through reasoning.
  63. Nebulous: Unclear, vague, or hazy; lacking definite form or boundaries.
  64. Pervasive: Widespread and prevalent.
  65. Serendipitous: Occurring by fortunate chance.
  66. Axiomatic: Self-evident or universally accepted as true.
  67. Clarification: The act of making something clearer or easier to understand.
  68. Beneficent: Kind and inclined to do good.
  69. Homogeneous: Consisting of similar or uniform parts.
  70. Logically: In a manner that adheres to the rules of reasoning.
  71. Truncate: To shorten or cut off the end of something.
  72. Genealogy: The study of family history and ancestry.
  73. Verbose: Using more words than necessary.
  74. Levity: Lightness of manner or behavior.
  75. Fortuitous: Happening by chance or luck.
  76. Theoretical: Relating to or based on theory rather than practical experience.
  77. Falsification: The act of altering or misrepresenting information or data.
  78. Derogatory: Insulting or disparaging.
  79. Prevalence: The extent to which something is widespread.
  80. Insidious: Gradually harmful or spreading harm subtly.
  81. Insouciance: A relaxed and carefree attitude; lack of concern or indifference.
  82. Unscrupulousness: The lack of moral principles or integrity.
  83. Analyze: To examine closely and break down into parts.
  84. Inconsistent: Lacking harmony or regularity; contradictory.
  85. Acquiescence: The act of accepting or complying with something without protest.
  86. Sardonic: Mocking or cynical in a humorous way.
  87. Equivocal: Ambiguous or open to interpretation.
  88. Unilateralism: A policy or approach involving one side or party.
  89. Felicitous: Appropriately chosen or well-suited.
  90. Speculate: To form opinions or conjectures without full knowledge.
  91. Prescient: Having foreknowledge or foresight.
  92. Obscure: Not well-known or hidden from view.
  93. Antecedent: Something that comes before or precedes another.
  94. Formulate: To create or devise a plan or concept.
  95. Contemplate: To deeply think about or consider.
  96. Stoicism: An ancient philosophy emphasizing emotional control.
  97. Exemplify: To serve as a typical example of.
  98. Exemplification: The act of illustrating or demonstrating.
  99. Didactic: Intending to teach or instruct.
  100. Aggregation: The process of collecting and gathering together.
  101. Gesticulate: To gesture or use expressive body movements.
  102. Impartial: Fair and unbiased, not favoring any particular side.
  103. Controversy: A disagreement or dispute that sparks debate.
  104. Fallacy: A mistaken belief or flawed reasoning.
  105. Criteria: Standards or rules for evaluation.
  106. Evaluate: To assess or judge the value, significance, or quality of something.
  107. Propensity: A natural inclination or tendency.
  108. Languid: Lacking energy or vitality; slow-moving.
  109. Justify: To provide a valid reason or explanation for something.
  110. Optimism: Positive outlook or belief in the best outcome.
  111. Aesthetic: Relating to beauty or artistic qualities.
  112. Antagonize: To provoke or create hostility or opposition.
  113. Sanctimonious: Pretending to be morally superior.
  114. Fathom: To understand or comprehend deeply.
  115. Diligence: Careful and persistent effort or work.
  116. Foment: To incite or encourage the development of something, often negative.
  117. Procedural: Relating to the established methods or procedures for doing something.
  118. Accrue: To accumulate or gather over time.
  119. Credibility: Trustworthiness or believability.
  120. Unilateral: Involving or done by only one side or party.
  121. Inherent: Intrinsic and essential to the nature of something.
  122. Parsimony: Extreme frugality or thriftiness.
  123. Illustrate: To provide examples or visual aids to clarify or explain.
  124. Indeterminate: Uncertain or not clearly defined.
  125. Objective: Factual and unbiased; not influenced by personal feelings or opinions.
  126. Pedagogical: Relating to the methods and principles of teaching.
  127. Adherence: Steadfast support or attachment to something.
  128. Wary: Cautious and watchful, especially for potential dangers.
  129. Implicit: Implied or understood without being stated.
  130. Querulous: Complaining or prone to complaining; irritable.
  131. Discernment: The ability to perceive or distinguish subtle differences.
  132. Concomitantly: Occurring simultaneously or together.
  133. Impetuous: Acting without thinking; impulsive.
  134. Morose: Gloomy or sullen in disposition.
  135. Derive: To obtain or deduce from a source or origin.
  136. Capricious: Subject to sudden and unpredictable changes.
  137. Malevolent: Having or showing a desire to harm others.
  138. Inference: A conclusion drawn from evidence.
  139. Stoic: Maintaining composure and indifference to pleasure or pain.
  140. Bellicose: Inclined to start quarrels or engage in warlike behavior.
  141. Convoluted: Complicated and intricately involved.
  142. Ubiquitousness: The state of being everywhere at the same time.
  143. Malleable: Capable of being shaped or influenced easily.
  144. Eclectic: Drawing from various sources or styles.
  145. Virtuoso: A person highly skilled and accomplished in a particular art or field.
  146. Precede: To come before in time or order.
  147. Facilitation: The act of making a process easier or smoother.
  148. Diatribe: A bitter and lengthy verbal attack or criticism.
  149. Utilitarian: Focused on practicality and usefulness.
  150. Concurrent: Happening at the same time.
  151. Generalization: A broad statement or conclusion based on specific instances.
  152. Hypothetical: Based on a supposition or assumption.
  153. Kinesthetic: Relating to bodily movements and senses.
  154. Resilient: Capable of bouncing back from adversity or hardship.
  155. Conclusive: Providing a definite or final result or answer.
  156. Nonchalant: Appearing calm, relaxed, and unconcerned.
  157. Concur: To agree or be of the same opinion.
  158. Prerequisite: A requirement that must be fulfilled before proceeding.
  159. Enumerate: To list or mention items one by one; to count.
  160. Inefficacious: Lacking effectiveness or unable to produce results.
  161. Elicitation: The act of drawing out or extracting information or a reaction from someone.
  162. Encompass: To include or contain within a larger scope or area.
  163. Conceive: To form or create an idea or plan.
  164. Ubiquity: The state of being everywhere or appearing everywhere.
  165. Bureaucracy: A system of government or management with complex rules and procedures.
  166. Divulge: To reveal or disclose information.
  167. Vicissitude: A change or variation in circumstances.
  168. Patronize: To condescend or treat someone as inferior.
  169. Anecdote: A short, personal, and often amusing story.
  170. Assumption: A belief or idea accepted as true without concrete evidence.
  171. Anecdotal: Based on personal stories or anecdotes.
  172. Contradict: To assert the opposite of a statement or belief.
  173. Confound: To cause confusion or bewilderment; to mix up or mistake one thing for another.
  174. Deterrent: Something that discourages or prevents a particular action or behavior.
  175. Censorship: The suppression or restriction of information or expression.
  176. Surreptitious: Done in a secretive or stealthy manner.
  177. Discourse: Written or spoken communication or discussion.
  178. Resolute: Determined and unwavering in purpose or resolution.
  179. Verify: To confirm the accuracy or truth of something.
  180. Intuition: A gut feeling or immediate understanding.
  181. Gregarious: Sociable and fond of company.
  182. Cite: To reference or quote as evidence or authority.
  183. Viable: Capable of working or being successful; feasible.
  184. Zealous: Passionately devoted or enthusiastic.
  185. Rhetoric: The art of persuasive or effective communication.
  186. Antithesis: The direct opposite or contrast of something.
  187. Efficacy: The effectiveness or ability to produce desired results.
  188. Jurisdiction: The official power or authority to make decisions and judgments, especially in a legal context.
  189. Stereotype: A widely held but oversimplified and generalized belief or idea about a group or category of people.
  190. Veracity: Truthfulness or accuracy.
  191. Bias: Prejudice or preference that affects judgment.
  192. Exposition: A comprehensive explanation or presentation.
  193. Apprehension: Anxiety or fear about a future event or outcome.
  194. Irrelevant: Not related or applicable to the matter at hand.
  195. Critical: Expressing disapproval or making judgments.
  196. Tantamount: Equivalent in value or significance.
  197. Dogma: A set of rigid beliefs or principles.
  198. Deleterious: Harmful or damaging to health or well-being.
  199. Opulent: Rich, luxurious, and characterized by great wealth.
  200. Resonance: The quality of evoking a strong response or connection.
  201. Perspective: A particular point of view or outlook.
  202. Applicable: Relevant or suitable to a particular situation.
  203. Credible: Believable or trustworthy.
  204. Innuendo: An indirect or subtle hint, often with negative connotations.
  205. Equivalence: Equal in value or significance.
  206. Pertinacious: Holding firmly to a belief or opinion.
  207. Correlational: Pertaining to the relationship between variables.
  208. Intrinsic: Belonging to the essential nature of something.
  209. Tautology: Redundant repetition of words or ideas.
  210. Inimical: Harmful or adverse in effect; hostile or unfriendly in nature.
  211. Conclusion: The final part or result of an argument or analysis.
  212. Abeyance: A state of temporary suspension or inactivity.
  213. Synthesize: To combine or integrate different elements.
  214. Aplomb: Self-assurance and composure in a challenging situation.
  215. Distinct: Clearly and noticeably different or separate.
  216. Acumen: Keen insight or skill.
  217. Edify: To instruct or improve someone morally or intellectually.
  218. Inquiry: The act of seeking information or investigation.
  219. Prejudice: Unfair or biased opinions or attitudes.
  220. Inexorable: Impossible to stop or prevent.
  221. Candor: Open and honest communication; frankness.
  222. Frugality: The practice of being economical or thrifty.
  223. Emulate: To imitate or strive to match someone’s achievements.
  224. Adroitly: Skillfully or cleverly.
  225. Unprecedented: Never before seen or experienced.
  226. Empirically: Based on observation and evidence.
  227. Manipulate: To control or influence skillfully and deceptively.
  228. Coherent: Logically consistent and easy to understand.
  229. Convergent: Coming together or meeting at a point.
  230. Absorption: The process of taking in or soaking up.
  231. Heterogeneous: Composed of diverse or varied elements.
  232. Incontrovertible: Impossible to dispute or deny.
  233. Phenomenology: The philosophical study of human consciousness.
  234. Resilience: The ability to bounce back from adversity.
  235. Commiserate: To express sympathy or pity.
  236. Endeavor: A serious and purposeful effort.
  237. Adroit: Skillful and clever in using one’s hands or mind; adept.
  238. Profundity: Depth of thought or intellectual insight.
  239. Variable: Subject to change or variation.
  240. Enigmatic: Mysterious and difficult to understand.
  241. Argumentation: The act or process of presenting arguments or reasoning.
  242. Methodology: A systematic approach or method for conducting research or investigation.
  243. Sycophant: A person who flatters or acts subservient to gain favor.
  244. Cognitive: Related to the mental processes of thinking, learning, and understanding.
  245. Illustrative: Serving as an example or demonstration.
  246. Equitable: Fair and just, treating all parties fairly and equally.
  247. Mellifluous: Smooth and pleasant-sounding, often used to describe voices or music.
  248. Prudent: Exercising good judgment and caution in decision-making.
  249. Juxtapose: To place side by side for comparison.
  250. Apathy: Lack of interest, enthusiasm, or concern; indifference.
  251. Diffidence: Shyness or lack of confidence in one’s own abilities.
  252. Harbinger: A sign or omen of something to come.
  253. Analysis: The process of examining something in detail.
  254. Fidelity: Faithfulness or loyalty.
  255. Petulant: Childishly sulky or irritable; easily annoyed.
  256. Equivocate: To be deliberately ambiguous or unclear in speech.
  257. Ineffable: Too great or extraordinary to be expressed in words; indescribable.
  258. Nonplussed: Confused or bewildered.
  259. Epistemological: Related to the theory of knowledge and understanding.
  260. Anachronism: Something out of its proper time period.
  261. Infer: To deduce or conclude from evidence.
  262. Antithetical: Directly opposed or contrasting in nature.
  263. Depict: To represent or portray in words or images.
  264. Mawkish: Excessively sentimental or overly emotional in a way that is insincere or cloying.
  265. Ideological: Related to a system of beliefs or ideas.
  266. Ubiquitous: Present everywhere or widely distributed.
  267. Volatility: Susceptibility to rapid and unpredictable changes.
  268. Facetious: Treating serious matters with inappropriate humor.
  269. Alleviation: The act of easing or reducing pain, suffering, or difficulty.
  270. Incongruity: Lack of harmony or consistency.
  271. Extemporaneous: Spoken or performed without preparation; impromptu.
  272. Deviate: To depart from a usual or accepted course of action.
  273. Inscrutable: Mysterious or difficult to understand; enigmatic.
  274. Proclivity: A natural inclination or tendency.
  275. Denigrate: To criticize or belittle someone or something unfairly.
  276. Metaphorical: Relating to or using figures of speech or metaphors.
  277. Preclude: To prevent or make impossible; to exclude as an option.
  278. Induction: The process of drawing a general conclusion from specific examples or instances.
  279. Coherence: The quality of being logically consistent and interconnected.
  280. Ameliorate: To improve or make better.
  281. Vilify: To speak ill of or defame someone’s character.
  282. Sycophantic: Flattering excessively to gain favor.
  283. Capitulate: To surrender or yield under pressure.
  284. Derivative: Lacking originality or imitating another source.
  285. Justification: Providing reasons or explanations.
  286. Inception: The beginning or starting point.
  287. Redolent: Having a strong, pleasant scent or fragrance; suggestive or reminiscent.
  288. Unmitigated: Absolute or unqualified in severity or extent.
  289. Vacuous: Lacking substance, intelligence, or meaningful content; empty.
  290. Quantification: The process of measuring or expressing in numerical terms.
  291. Effervescent: Bubbly and lively in personality or nature.
  292. Connoisseur: An expert or knowledgeable person in a particular field.
  293. Opaque: Not transparent or difficult to understand.
  294. Rationale: A reason or justification for a decision or action.
  295. Taciturnity: The quality of being reserved or uncommunicative in speech.
  296. Metaphor: A figure of speech that compares two unrelated things.
  297. Mode: A particular way or manner.
  298. Innocuousness: Harmlessness or lack of danger.
  299. Antipathy: A strong dislike or aversion towards something.
  300. Asymmetry: Lack of symmetry or balance; a lack of proportion or equality in parts.
  301. Inferential: Relating to the process of making inferences or deductions.
  302. Invariably: Always and without exception.
  303. Pragmatism: A practical approach to problem-solving.
  304. Diametrically: In direct opposition or complete contrast.
  305. Exacerbation: The worsening or aggravation of a situation.
  306. Obfuscation: The act of making something unclear, confusing, or difficult to understand.
  307. Dissolution: The process of breaking down or ending.
  308. Criterion: A standard or rule for evaluating or judging something.
  309. Poignant: Evoking strong emotions or feelings.
  310. Paradoxical: Contradictory in nature.
  311. Explicate: To explain or analyze in detail.
  312. Consensus: General agreement among a group.
  313. Cogent: Convincing and logically persuasive.
  314. Ideology: A system of beliefs and values that guide actions and policies.
  315. Hypothesis: A testable explanation or educated guess.
  316. Syllogism: A form of reasoning that consists of a major premise, a minor premise, and a conclusion.
  317. Clarify: To make clear or explain.
  318. Vestige: A trace or remnant of something.
  319. Conceptualization: The process of forming abstract ideas or concepts.
  320. Laconic: Using very few words to express oneself; concise.
  321. Obsolete: No longer in use or relevant.
  322. Correlate: To have a mutual relationship or connection.
  323. Collaboration: Working together towards a common goal.
  324. Classification: Categorization or grouping based on characteristics.
  325. Adjudicate: To settle a dispute by making a judgment.
  326. Harangue: A lengthy and aggressive speech.
  327. Deterrence: The act of preventing or discouraging through fear.
  328. Contradiction: A statement or situation that is inconsistent or conflicting.
  329. Differentiation: The process of distinguishing or making distinct differences.
  330. Hegemony: Dominance or control over others, especially by a group or country.
  331. Disseminate: To spread or distribute information, knowledge, or ideas widely.
  332. Viscosity: The thickness or resistance to flow of a substance.
  333. Supposition: An assumption or belief based on limited evidence.
  334. Proficiency: Skillfulness or expertise in a particular field.
  335. Verification: Confirmation of accuracy or truth.
  336. Reliability: Consistency and trustworthiness.
  337. Impervious: Resistant to penetration or damage.
  338. Irrevocable: Impossible to reverse or change.
  339. Pathology: The study of diseases and their causes.
  340. Consistency: The quality of being reliable or constant.
  341. Enmity: Deep-seated mutual hatred or hostility.
  342. Causal: Relating to cause and effect.
  343. Desultory: Lacking a clear plan or purpose; random or haphazard.
  344. Unassailable: Impossible to attack or dispute.
  345. Exacerbate: To make a problem, situation, or feeling worse.
  346. Paradigm: A typical example or model.
  347. Literature: Written works, especially of artistic or intellectual value.
  348. Manifestation: An observable instance or demonstration.
  349. Prevail: To succeed or be dominant.
  350. Expedient: Convenient or practical for achieving a specific goal.
  351. Ostentatious: Displaying wealth or extravagance in a showy manner.
  352. Acquiesce: To agree or comply without protest.
  353. Transcend: To go beyond the limits or surpass.
  354. Unambiguous: Clear and not open to multiple interpretations.
  355. Contravene: To violate or go against.
  356. Obstinate: Stubbornly refusing to change one’s opinion or course of action.
  357. Extemporize: To speak or perform without preparation; impromptu.
  358. Garrulous: Talkative or excessively chatty.
  359. Hierarchy: A system of ranking or organizing in levels of importance.
  360. Soliloquy: A speech made by a character in a play while alone, often revealing inner thoughts and feelings.
  361. Paradigmatic: Representing a typical example or pattern.
  362. Delineate: To describe or portray in detail.
  363. Anathema: Something strongly disliked or cursed.
  364. Expository: Intended to explain or provide information.
  365. Causality: The relationship of cause and effect.
  366. Reverberate: To echo or resound repeatedly.
  367. Connotation: An associated meaning or feeling.
  368. Unprecedentedly: In a manner that has not been done or seen before.
  369. Insinuation: An indirect or subtle suggestion or implication.
  370. Deride: To mock or ridicule in a scornful manner.
  371. Comprehension: The ability to understand and grasp the meaning of something.
  372. Underlie: To be the basis or foundation of something.
  373. Pragmatic: Practical and focused on achieving specific goals.
  374. Interpret: To explain or understand the meaning of something.
  375. Equanimity: Mental calmness and composure.
  376. Cognizant: Aware or conscious of something.
  377. Precarious: Unstable or uncertain; at risk of falling.
  378. Empirical: Based on observation and experience rather than theory or pure logic.
  379. Subterfuge: A deceptive or evasive tactic or strategy.
  380. Arcane: Understood by only a few; mysterious or obscure.
  381. Pseudonym: A false or fictitious name used by an author or performer.
  382. Perceive: To become aware of or recognize through the senses.
  383. Vacillate: To waver or hesitate in making a decision.
  384. Gratuitous: Given or done without any reason or justification; unnecessary.
  385. Exculpate: To clear from blame or guilt.
  386. Conducive: Favorable or contributing to a desired outcome.
  387. Impeccable: Flawless or perfect in every way; without fault or error.
  388. Generalizability: The extent to which findings apply to a broader context.
  389. Elaboration: The process of adding details, explanations, or development to something.
  390. Notorious: Widely known for negative reasons.
  391. Constructivist: Pertaining to a theory of learning emphasizing active engagement.
  392. Critique: A detailed evaluation or analysis of a work of art, literature, or other subject.
  393. Manifest: To become evident or apparent.
  394. Inferentially: By drawing conclusions based on available evidence or reasoning.
  395. Resonate: To evoke a strong emotional response or connection.
  396. Synonymous: Having the same or similar meanings.
  397. Vicarious: Experienced through someone else’s actions or feelings.
  398. Perception: The way something is perceived or understood.
  399. Alleviate: To relieve or make a burden less severe.
  400. Explicit: Clearly and openly stated; leaving nothing implied.
  401. Inscrutability: The quality of being difficult to understand or fathom.
  402. Elicit: To draw out or evoke a response.
  403. Archaic: Ancient or out-of-date.
  404. Consign: To entrust or hand over.
  405. Differentiate: To distinguish or recognize differences.
  406. Disparate: Distinctly different or unrelated.
  407. Sardonicism: Mocking or cynical humor.
  408. Imply: To suggest or hint at indirectly.
  409. Qualitative: Concerned with qualities or characteristics.
  410. Normative: Relating to or establishing norms or standards.
  411. Interpretation: The act of explaining or understanding the meaning of something.
  412. Mirth: Great joy, amusement, or happiness.
  413. Deduct: To subtract or derive by reasoning.
  414. Conjecture: An opinion or conclusion based on incomplete information or guesswork.
  415. Theorize: To formulate or speculate about theories.
  416. Denounce: To publicly condemn or criticize.
  417. Precipitous: Steep or dangerously steep.
  418. Enumeration: The act of counting or listing items in a specific order.
  419. Illicit: Forbidden by law, rules, or custom.
  420. Significance: The importance or meaning of something.
  421. Abrogate: To repeal or annul a law or agreement.
  422. Indicate: To point out, suggest, or show as a sign or signal.
  423. Taciturn: Reserved or uncommunicative in speech; inclined to silence.
  424. Complement: Something that completes or enhances another thing.
  425. Acquiescent: Willing to comply or go along with something without protest.
  426. Methodological: Relating to the methods and principles of research.
  427. Skepticism: A questioning or doubting attitude.
  428. Reticent: Reserved or hesitant to speak openly.
  429. Soporific: Inducing sleep or drowsiness.
  430. Applicability: The suitability or relevance to a specific situation.
  431. Evident: Clearly visible or obvious.
  432. Anachronistic: Out of its proper time or historical context.
  433. Enervate: To weaken or deprive of energy.
  434. Languor: A state of laziness or lethargy.
  435. Lament: To express sorrow or grief.
  436. Dichotomy: A division or contrast between two mutually exclusive or contradictory groups or concepts.
  437. Hypothesize: To form a hypothesis or educated guess based on available information.
  438. Hermeneutics: The study of interpretation and understanding of texts.
  439. Extrapolate: To estimate or project data beyond observed values.
  440. Perspicacity: Sharp insight or understanding.
  441. Immutable: Unchangeable or constant.
  442. Repertoire: A range or collection of skills, knowledge, or actions.
  443. Denunciation: Strong disapproval or condemnation.
  444. Extrapolation: The process of estimating or projecting data beyond observed values.
  445. Integrity: Honesty and moral uprightness.
  446. Phenomenon: A remarkable or observable event or occurrence.
  447. Dogmatic: Asserting opinions as absolute truth.
  448. Rationalize: To provide a logical explanation for.
  449. Conceptualize: To form a clear mental concept or idea.
  450. Despondent: Feeling hopeless or in low spirits.
  451. Reprobate: A morally unprincipled or wicked person.
  452. Nominal: Existing in name only; being the name or label for something but not its actual or real form.
  453. Prevalent: Widespread and commonly accepted or practiced.
  454. Capitulation: Surrender or giving in to a demand or enemy.
  455. Comprehend: To understand or grasp the meaning of something.
  456. Fluctuate: To vary or change continually, often in an irregular manner.
  457. Idiosyncrasy: A unique or peculiar characteristic or behavior specific to an individual.
  458. Synthesis: The combination of elements to form a whole.
  459. Descriptive: Providing details and characteristics.
  460. Efficacious: Effective in producing the desired result.
  461. Deductive: Reasoning from general principles to specific conclusions.
  462. Assiduous: Diligent and hardworking.
  463. Platitude: A dull or overused statement lacking originality.
  464. Deliberate: Done with careful consideration and intention.
  465. Converse: To have a conversation or talk.
  466. Implicative: Suggesting or implying.
  467. Corroborate: To confirm or support with evidence.
  468. Dialectic: The method of argumentation or philosophical debate.
  469. Imminent: About to happen or occur very soon.
  470. Nefarious: Wicked or villainous in nature.
  471. Abundance: A large quantity or supply of something; plenty.
  472. Cognition: The process of thought, perception, and understanding.
  473. Ontology: The study of existence and being.
  474. Esoteric: Known or understood by only a select few.
  475. Parameter: A variable that defines the limits of a process or system.
  476. Omission: The act of leaving out or neglecting something that should be included.
  477. Ascertain: To find out or determine with certainty.
  478. Mundane: Ordinary, dull, or lacking excitement.
  479. Vituperative: Harshly critical or verbally abusive.
  480. Incidental: Occurring as a minor or unintended part of something else.
  481. Catalyst: A substance that initiates or accelerates a reaction.
  482. Cumulative: Accumulating over time; increasing by successive additions.
  483. Superfluous: Excessive or unnecessary, exceeding what is required.
  484. Lucid: Clear and easy to understand.
  485. Discreet: Acting with caution and discretion, avoiding attention.
  486. Eschew: To deliberately avoid or abstain from something.
  487. Insinuate: To suggest indirectly or subtly.
  488. Quixotical: Extremely idealistic and impractical.
  489. Arbitrate: To act as an impartial judge in a dispute or disagreement.
  490. Replicate: To duplicate or reproduce.
  491. Egregious: Extremely bad or shocking.
  492. Aberrant: Deviating from the usual or normal.
  493. Convergence: The act of coming together or meeting at a common point.
  494. Litigate: To engage in legal proceedings or lawsuits.
  495. Implicate: To involve or suggest as a consequence.
  496. Framework: A basic structure or outline.
  497. Perfunctorily: Done as a routine or without enthusiasm.
  498. Discrepancy: A difference or inconsistency.
  499. Paradox: A contradictory statement or situation.
  500. Ethnographic: Relating to the study of cultures and societies.
  501. Empiricist: A person who believes in basing knowledge on experience and observation.
  502. Commensurate: Corresponding in size, degree, or proportion.
  503. Mercurial: Subject to rapid and unpredictable changes in mood or behavior.
  504. Decipher: To decode or interpret something that is difficult to understand.
  505. Altruism: Selfless concern for the well-being of others.
  506. Reflective: Thoughtful and contemplative.
  507. Puerile: Childish or immature.
  508. Anomaly: An unusual or abnormal occurrence.
  509. Formidable: Inspiring fear, awe, or respect due to impressive strength or power.
  510. Iconoclast: A person who challenges or opposes established beliefs or traditions.
  511. Abstemious: Moderation in eating and drinking.
  512. Depiction: A representation or portrayal.
  513. Meticulous: Extremely careful and precise; paying great attention to detail.
  514. Fragmentation: The process of breaking into smaller parts.
  515. Ethical: Relating to principles of morality and fairness.
  516. Abstract: Existing in thought or as an idea rather than as a concrete or physical reality.
  517. Juxtaposition: The act or placement of two things (usually contrasting) near each other.
  518. Innocuous: Harmless or not likely to cause harm.
  519. Intrepid: Fearless and brave.
  520. Deprecate: To express disapproval or criticize.
  521. Signify: To convey a specific meaning or importance.
  522. Anomalous: Deviating from the norm or expected pattern.
  523. Epiphany: A sudden and profound realization or insight.
  524. Terminate: To bring to an end; to conclude or finish.
  525. Ossify: To harden or become rigid over time.
  526. Disposition: A person’s natural temperament or tendency.
  527. Elucidation: The act of making something clear or explaining it in detail.
  528. Generalize: To form a general conclusion or statement based on specific instances or examples.
  529. Elaborate: To provide detailed explanations or descriptions.
  530. Vehement: Passionate and intense in feeling or expression.
  531. Multifarious: Having many different parts or elements; diverse.
  532. Speculation: The act of forming opinions without definite evidence.
  533. Salubrious: Promoting health or well-being.
  534. Despotism: The exercise of absolute power and control by a ruler.
  535. Refute: To prove something to be false or incorrect.
  536. Paragon: An ideal or perfect example.
  537. Unscrupulous: Lacking moral principles; dishonest.
  538. Prerogative: A right or privilege exclusive to a particular person or group.
  539. Bellicosity: A tendency towards aggressive or warlike behavior.
  540. Regression: A return to a less developed state or condition.
  541. Alacrity: Quick and cheerful readiness.
  542. Hypothecate: To pledge something as collateral for a loan.
  543. Persevere: To persist in an effort or task.
  544. Discern: To perceive or recognize clearly.
  545. Vehemence: Intense passion or forcefulness in expression.
  546. Cognizance: Awareness or knowledge of something.
  547. Exemplar: A perfect or typical example of something.
  548. Obfuscate: To deliberately make something unclear or confusing.
  549. Illustration: A visual representation or example used to clarify or explain.
  550. Trepidation: A feeling of fear or anxiety about something that may happen.
  551. Quantitative: Relating to or involving quantities or measurable data.
  552. Tenuous: Thin, weak, or insubstantial.
  553. Debunk: To expose the falseness or fallacy of a belief or idea.
  554. Plausible: Believable or seeming likely to be true.
  555. Analytical: Involving systematic examination and breakdown.
  556. Contradictory: In conflict or opposing statements.
  557. Schematic: Relating to a diagram or plan.
  558. Visceral: Related to instinctive or gut feelings.
  559. Falsify: To make false or counterfeit.
  560. Citation: A reference to a source or authority in support of an argument or statement.
  561. Lexicon: A vocabulary or dictionary of a language.
  562. Quandary: A state of uncertainty or dilemma.
  563. Substantiate: To provide evidence or support for.
  564. Perfunctory: Done with little effort or enthusiasm; routine.
  565. Deference: Respect and submission to the opinions or authority of others.
  566. Assertion: A confident and forceful statement or claim.
  567. Disparity: A significant difference or inequality.
  568. Vilification: The act of making malicious statements or spreading negative information about someone.
  569. Empiricism: The philosophy that knowledge comes primarily from sensory experience and observation.
  570. Fastidious: Very attentive to and concerned about accuracy and detail; excessively particular or demanding.

Infographics (Academic Words List)

list of academic words in english pdf List of Academic Words Pdf

List of Academic words PDF

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