Last updated on November 27th, 2021 at 12:35 pm
Types of Preposition PDF
What is a preposition? A preposition is a word that links a noun, pronoun, or gerund to other words. Here you will learn basic types of prepositions with their use, examples, and PDF.
They can have a variety of meanings:
Adam is going to the shop.
The charger is in the box.
Adam left after the lesson had finished.
The Government of United States.
Here, is the preposition list along with pdf.
List of Prepositions
Basic Types of Preposition
There are three basic types of prepositions here all these types of prepositions are described briefly and you can download PDF at the end of this lesson.
What are complex prepositions? Some prepositional phrases can function like single-word prepositions; next to, in front of, etc., called complex prepositions. Here is the list of preposition with
1. Preposition of Time
At is used:
(a) with a definite point of time
e.g. I usually get up at 5 0’clock.
Hamina leaves her house every day at 9 a.m.
(b) With festivals
e.g. Christopher will come in the new year.
In is used:
(a) with the parts of -the- day, (with noon, use at), months, seasons and years. e.g.
He takes a walk in the afternoon.
In summer the weather is warm.
(b) with the future tense referring to the period in which action may take place e.g.
You must be careful in the future.
On is used with days and dates:
e.g. My brother will arrive on Monday.
My birthday is on the first of June.
By refers to the latest time at which an action will be over:
e.g. The examination will be over by 5 p.m.
For is used with perfect continuous tense showing the duration of action: I have been here for three years.
Since is used with the point of time When the action begins and continues:
e.g. He has been ill since last Tuesday.
Since 1980, Saira has lived in Dubai.
From refers to the starting point of action:
e.g. This water came from a spring.
She came from USA.
2. Prepositions of Position
Here is the list of preposition of position.
At refers to an exact point:
e.g. The tourist stayed at the Tourist Hotel.
He studied at Oxford.
He is waiting at the door.
In refers to larger areas
He lives in New York.
Between is used for two persons or two things:
e.g. Share these sweets between him and me.
It is a secret between you and me.
Among is used with more than two persons or things but before the word which starts with a consonant letter:
Divide the sweets among the three boys.
Amongst is also used with more than two persons or things but before the word which starts with a vowel letter: e.g.
Divide the sweets amongst us.
Above is used for higher than:
e.g. The sun rose above the horizon, We were flying above the clouds.
Under is used for vertically below:
e.g. It is shady under the trees,
Below is used for lower than:
e.g. When the sun sets it goes below the horizon.
Your work is below average.
Over is used for vertically above:
e.g. There is an aircraft coming over.
The bathroom is over the kitchen.
Beneath means’ a lower position:
e.g. The ground was slippery beneath her.
3. Prepositions of Direction
Here is the list of all preposition of direction
To is used to express motion from one place to another:
e.g. They walked to the river and back.
Towards refers to direction:
e.g. She saw me running towards him.
He glanced towards the mirror.
Into denotes motion towards the inside of something:
e.g. He fell into a ditch.
For denotes direction:
e.g. I will leave for Karachi today. The Minister left for the U. K,
At refers to aim:
e.g. She aimed at the bird.
Against shows pressure:
e.g. She cleaned the edge of her knife against the plate. He leaned against a tree.
Off refers to separation:
He was wiping sweat off his face.
Kim fell off his chair in a swoon.
From refers to the point of departure:
e.g. The man parted from his friends.
We scrambled from our trucks and ran after them.
About shows nearness:
e.g. I was about to go to bed when there was a knock at the door.
His father is about to retire.
After refers to sequence:
e.g. She came after me.
Soon after, Fayyaz began his researches into electricity.
Across means from one side:
e.g. He blew a cloud of smoke across the table.
She ran across the field.
Along stands for in the same line:
e.g. She led them along the corridor.
The current passes along the wire here.
Before stands for in front of:
e.g. A thief was brought before the judge.
The garage is before the road.
Beyond means on the farther side of:
e.g. This is beyond his power.
Love is beyond all human control.
Behind means at the back of:
e.g. She sat down behind the hedge.
The sun went behind a cloud.
Besides means in addition to:
e.g He is guilty of five killings and more besides.
Besides being a teacher, Alia is a skilled craftsman.
Beside means by the side of:
e.g. I sat down beside my wife.
A complete list of prepositions:
|Because of||In lieu of||Owing to|
|Behind||In spite of||Per|
|On account of||Underneath||Amongst|
|Than||At||In case of|
|Against||By means of||Notwithstanding|
|During||On behalf of||Unlike|
|Outside||Within||As far as|
|Apart||For||On top of|
|Till||Away||In front of|
|In to||Prior to||Among|
|As well as||In accordance with||Out from|
|Towards||Before||In place of|
|In addition to||Out of||With a view to|
You can Download types of prepositions PDF